Probiotics are “good” bacteria that help keep your digestive system healthy by controlling growth of harmful bacteria. Prebiotics are carbohydrates that cannot be digested by the human body. They are food for probiotics.
Probiotics are bacteria that help keep the natural balance of organisms (microflora) in the intestines . The normal human digestive tract contains about 400 types of probiotic bacteria that reduce the growth of harmful bacteria and promote a healthy digestive system.
Factors that disrupt the balance of your Intestinal Flora include:
Inorganic Antibiotic residues in meat and Dairy products
Chlorinated and Fluorinated water
Diets high in Sugar and simple carbohydrates (like fast food and junk food)
Exposure to Radiation (CAT Scans, excessive medical X-Rays)
Poor Digestion / Constipation
Toxic Chemical Intake (such as Steroids)
There are many reasons. In the food industry plants and animals are sprayed or treated with chemicals that destroy these helpful bacteria; animals are often fed with grains that have been chemically altered, and most of our crops are grown in soil that’s been stripped of all the beneficial organisms necessary to survival. Worse yet, the Western food industry has,for many years, over-processed foodand usually populates products such as milk and bread with engineered ‘filler nutrients’that are not only harmful to the intestinal flora, but have no nutritional value whatsoever. Because of this, we need to re-populate our intestinal tracks by eating natural foods that contain the bacteria we need. This is where cultured foods and ingredients become an important part of any healthy lifestyle.
Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are starches that the human body cannot fully digest. Inulin and galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) are similar substances also discussed in this article. When a person consumes FOS, the undigested portions provide nourishment for bacteria in the digestive tract.
Commonly used probiotics in humans are
– Commonly used probiotics Lactobacillus species
– Commonly used probiotics Bifidobacterium
– Commonly used probiotics Saccharomyces cerevisiae
– Commonly used probiotics Some E coli & Bacillus species
Probiotics are commonly available as probiotics fortified food, probiotic fortified dairy products and probiotic sachets, tablets and capsules.
The dose needed for probiotics varies with the type of probiotic. Most would be delivered in the range of 1-10 billion colony forming unit per dose.